Ají is the term used for chile pepper in South America. Aji peppers come in hot and mild; vibrant and subtle; of various colors; bulbous or the size of a fingernail. Images of these peppers decorate the textiles and ceramics of coastal pre-Colombian cultures such as the Moche, Nazca and Chimú. And in the highlands, ají played a role in Inca mythology as well as in Inca foods.

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